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World War I & World War II

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For almost six years from 1939 to 1945 Britain fought the toughest war it had ever experienced. World War II was total war - every person, every business, every service was involved.

SoldierBritain did not fight alone, the war also involved many countries. World War II involved 61 countries with 1.7 billion people, three quarters of the world's population.

Fifty million people lost their lives and hundreds of millions people were injured. 
The Home Front

The Blitz


The Blitz was the sustained bombing of Britain by Nazi Germany between 7 September 1940 and 10 May 1941, in World War II. While the "Blitz" hit many towns and cities across the country, it began with the bombing of London for 57 consecutive nights.
By the end of May 1941, over 43,000 civilians, half of them in London, had been killed by bombing and more than a million houses were destroyed or damaged in London alone.



Civilians, particularly children, were moved to rural areas thought to be less at risk from the German bombing of cities and military areas.

Operation Pied Piper on 1 September 1939 moved more than 1.5 million people. Further evacuations  occurred from the south and east coast in June 1940, when a sea invasion was expected, and from cities after the Blitz began in September 1940.